There are many different breed groups which are divided based on what each breed is or was originally, bred for. Each breed within the group have similar characteristics, personalities, as well as needs. The breed group a dog fits in can give an indication of what kind of activities could really make them happy and satisfy boredom. Knowing and engaging in an activity that a dog was bred to perform is very satisfying for our dogs.
This kind of dog was bred to work alongside its human. The Doberman Pinscher, for example, was created by a man named Karl Dobermann who was a tax collector around 1890. His job required him to travel and visit unsafe areas. He aimed to create a dog to journey with him for protection, a guard dog, and the Doberman Pinscher was his answer. Working Dogs can include many different lines of work, some of them including:
Herding - these dogs work on farms and move livestock
Guarding - these dogs are bred to be strong and powerful because they are used for protection
Bird Dog – This type hunts birds and retrieve game, usually water dogs
Tracking - these dogs help their owners track a target, mainly using their noses
Guide Dogs - Guide dogs are used to help visually impaired people around obstacles.
These kinds of dogs typically include a Doberman, Australian Shepherd, German Shepherd, etc. What is important with a working dog is their ability to perform a task as opposed to how they appear. It has been shown that partaking in activities a dog was originally bred to perform is very satisfying for them. It reduces stress and high energy levels which can lead to anxiety and unwanted behavior.
Sporting Dogs and Hounds
Sporting Dogs include the spaniels, retrievers, pointers and setters. These dogs and the hounds are bred for hunting, with emphasis on their sight or smell depending on the breed. These dogs typically have incredible stamina and are very limber and agile which both assist in making them excellent hunters.
Dogs bred mainly focusing on sight include the Irish Wolfhound, Whippet, Greyhound, Saluki, Borzoi, and more. They overpower their pray by being fast and agile and keeping it within their line of sight.
Dogs bred focusing on smell are overpowered by scents. These breeds can include Beagles, Basset Hound, Bloodhound, and Dachshunds to include a few. Even without formal training they can be driven to track scents. Beagles are especially prone to this, and many beagle owners are known to have to keep locks on their cupboards and even the fridge. Apparently the smell is just too much for a hungry beagle to not follow!
The energy level is usually very high and this breed group tends to require a lot of daily exercise and attention. Some hounds can be very talkative so they definitely wouldn’t be suited for an apartment or a quiet city neighborhood.
Terriers are very active, vivacious, and an interesting breed to say the least! they are full of intense personality and spunk which is massive despite their typically smaller size. They were originally bred for hunting usually smaller animals like rats or rabbits, also taught to kill their game. This means terriers really do enjoy destroying their toys, which means ripping it into as many shreds as they can.
Some of the Terrier breeds include Yorkshire Terriers, Airedale Terrier, Miniature Schnauzer, Tibetan Terrier, and the Jack Russell Terrier. Often terriers require a bit more training and a stern and experienced dog owner who can provide the appropriate authority necessary to keep them in line. This of course varies with the breeds of terriers and it does not change the fact that they can be wonderful family dogs.
These breeds are bred specifically for their small size and wonderful personalities which make them very special companions. They do not require as much exercise and take up less space which makes them convenient for apartment living.
Some toy dogs include Chihuahuas, Maltese, Pomeranian, Papillion, Pugs, English Toy Spaniel and many more. Small dogs still require training. Due to their size they are more fragile than a large dog and are not suited for playing with children who can be rough.
Non-Sporting or Special Dogs
This is usually a designation given to boston terriers, American Eskimos, Chow Chow, or Shar-Pei. Theses breeds are not easily defined into one of the above groups.